2020欧洲杯谁能夺冠

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Adversarial Ethics

  • Xavier LandesEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_639-1
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Synonyms

Definition

Adversarial ethics is a relatively recent field of morality, which is concerned with competitive behaviors, such as in sports, politics, business, the judiciary system, or, ultimately, war. Its aim is to determine the conditions to be imposed on competition for rendering it acceptable. It constitutes a departure from “traditional ethics” and from its focus on the principles and constraints to be applied to individuals when they cooperate or interact in a neutral manner (neither competitive nor cooperative). In contrast, adversarial ethics deals with situations where individuals and organizations should not intend to collaborate, when they unapologetically pursue their self-interests. Most of such situations are socially codified and circumscribed, e.g., sports, business, or politics. Moreover, they are accepted insofar as they generate positive outcomes of some sort (for instance, a thrilling spectacle, lower prices,...

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References

  1. Applbaum, A. I. (1999). Ethics for adversaries. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  2. Heath, J. (2014). Morality, competition, and the firm. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. Kant, I. (1997). Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Mill, J. S. (1859). On liberty. London: John W. Parker and Son, West Strand.
  5. Norman, W. (2011). Business ethics as self-regulation: Why principles that ground regulations should be used to ground beyond-compliance norms as well. Journal of Business Ethics, 102, 43–57.  .
  6. Schumpeter, J. A. (1994). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. London: Routledge.
  7. Smith, A. (1993). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stockholm School of Economics in Riga RigaLatvia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Andrea Venturelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economic ScienciesUniversity of SalentoSalentoItaly