2020欧洲杯谁能夺冠

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Biodiversity: Sustainability

  • Eila JeronenEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_901-1

Synonyms

Definition/Description

The scientific concept of biodiversity refers to richness in variation among all living organisms at three levels: ecosystem diversity, species diversity, and genetic diversity (WCED 1987). According to WCED (1987), ecosystem diversity means variety of habitats, living communities, and ecological processes. Species diversity includes the number of species and number of individuals of each species in a particular location. Genetic diversity again means richness of the variety and range of genes within and between populations of organisms (WCED 1987).

In addition to these three dimensions, the fourth dimension is also mentioned. It is human cultural diversity (Chivian 2002; Heywood and Watson 1995). Cultural diversity means the ethical, spiritual, and cultural values (Callicott et al. 1999), driving forces and human influences, as well as the measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity (Heywood...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Faculty of Educational SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Faculty of EducationUniversity of LaplandRovaniemiFinland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kristijan Krač

2020欧洲杯谁能夺冠There are no affiliations available