Community of Practices
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“We all belong to communities of practice… in fact communities of practice are everywhere” (Wenger 1998, p. 6). A Community of Practice (CoP) is a group of people who share similar challenges, interact regularly, learn from and with each other, and improve their ability to address their challenges. The theory of CoP starts from the idea of situated learning and learning by interaction and studies how a CoP generates and diffuses knowledge among members and in the organization in which the CoP arises and grows. In this chapter, CoP is described, taking into consideration components, characteristics, relationships among members in the CoP and between the CoP and organizations, benefits and limitations in activating a CoP, and factors that enable or obstacle the success of a CoP. It emerges that CoP exist in many contexts and that the presence of...
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